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Pre-IDF Brigades: Haganah, Irgun and Lechi

This video tells the fascinating story of three Jewish militias in pre-State Palestine: Haganah, Irgun and Lechi. Before the groups joined forces to become the IDF in 1948, they had major ideological differences. They were all set on the Zionist ideal of creating a Jewish state, but disagreed about how to achieve this goal. Between Ben-Gurion’s diplomatic approach, Begin’s pro-active one, and the Stern Gang’s radicalism, tensions ran high in the 40’s. In this episode, students will consider: What were the key differences between the groups, and how did they put these differences aside to work together? Which of these groups do you identify with most and why?

Watch this video and use the prompts to foster discussion, critical thinking and meaning making.